The pilot of the woman:Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart is a aviatrice American, born in Atchison in Kansas on July 24, 1897, disappeared in the region of the archipelago of Kiribati on July 2, 1937, officially declared dead on January 5, 1939.
* First woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean in 1928 (Wilmer Stultz pilot and copilot Louis Gordon);
* First woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean solo (1932);
* First woman to make a transcontinental flight without stopping;
* First woman to solo across the Pacific Ocean from Honolulu to California (January 11 1935);
* First woman to fly a gyroplane;
* First woman to fly from Mexico to New York in a record time of 14 hours, 19 minutes;
* First woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Gold Medal from the National Geographic Society.
* There was nicknamed Miss Lindy, a wink to the winner of the North Atlantic Charles Lindbergh, because of some physical resemblance with him.
It disappeared at sea on July 2, 1937, aprè have been for the last time a view to Lae in New Guinea while trying, with her navigator Fred Noonan, circumnavigate the globe from the east, passing by 'equator, on a twin-engine Lockheed Electra. The U.S. government, President Roosevelt in mind, launched a dozen ships and fifty aircraft at its research, for 4 months. No trace of their aircraft was detected, any more than were collected testimony on the islands last they were supposed to fly.
Since his disappearance at sea and no trace of the aircraft, several assumptions have been made, assuming that his death was not due to a banal accident. None of these assumptions that could not be proven, verified or confirmed.
* Around the World was a pretext for a flight espionage (similar to that of U2), which the U.S. government had charged over the facilities of the Japanese Pacific. Spotted, the aircraft was shot down by the DCA Japanese.
* Amelia was captured by the Japanese, who used it throughout the duration of the conflict, in the company of other prisoners Anglo-Saxon and English-speaking Japanese, under the name Tokyo Rose as a weapon of propaganda or psychological pro - Japanese, in order to motivate the Marines via the comments which were broadcast suggested, among pieces of jazz or other "tubes" of the moment, infidelity of their companions left the country and the credulity of entrants, used as cannon fodder.
* It would have lived, after landing a fortune on a Pacific island in the company of people.
The least controversial theory to explain the disappearance is that of a navigational error, followed by a fuel over the ocean. The plane had to land on the tiny island of Howland, open Pacific and the U.S. Navy had sent a ship equipped with a radio. At 19h30 GMT he received the message "... We should be above you, but we do not see ... the fuel begins to decline."
* A embodying the character appears in the first episode of the second season of Star Trek: Voyager.
* In the television series Lost, its name is used as an anagram in an episode.
* In July and August 2008, a film about aviatrice is currently filming in South Africa. It is directed by Mira Nair with Hilary Swank in the role of Amelia Earhart.
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