Sarah Palin (born Sarah Louise Heath on 11 February 1964) is an American politician, a member of the Republican Party and, since 4 December 2006, the youngest governor of Alaska, and the first woman to reach this position.
On 29 August 2008, John McCain, Republican candidate in the presidential election, chooses colistiere and candidate for the post of vice-president of the United States. It is the second woman after Geraldine A. Ferraro in 1984 to be candidate of a major party for the vice-presidency and would be the first woman vice president if John McCain was elected.
Sarah Louise Heath was born in Sandpoint in Idaho (USA). She is the daughter of Charles R. "Chuck" Heath, professor of natural sciences and Sarah "Sally" Sheeran Heath born. His family moved into the small town of Wasilla, Alaska, 69 miles northeast of Anchorage, while it is still very young.
After being captain and coach of the Warriors of Wasilla, the local women's team basketball that led to victory in the state championship (1982), she won the beauty contest Miss Wasilla in 1984 then ends the first runner Miss Alaska, which allows it to obtain a university scholarship. In 1987, Sarah Palin obtained a Bachelor of Science in communication and journalism with an option political science from the University of Idaho.
From 1987 to 1989, it is sports journalist for KTUU-TV in Anchorage as well as the Mat-Su Valley Frontiersman before returning to Wasilla.
Baptized Catholic, it was renamed at the age of 12 years at Beaver Lake and attends the offices of the Assembly of God of Wasilla, a Pentecostal congregation she attended until 2002 and in which she baptized her children. At present, and although it sometimes goes to Juneau Christian Center affiliated with the Assemblies of God, it is no longer defined as Pentecostal and would be part of a Church independent, the Wasilla Bible Church. However, some specialists believe it has been seen in the Church on the Rock - independent congregation founded in January 2000 - as well as in other churches, it is part of the so-called "post-denominational Christians (post - denominationalist Christianity)."
Married, she has five children: three daughters (Bristol, born in 1990, Willow, born in 1994, and Piper, born in 2001) and two boys (Track, born in 1989, which joined the United States Army September 11, 2007, should start on 11 September 2008 in Iraq, and his last Trig, born on 18 April 2008, is suffering from Down syndrome (trisomy 21), whose affection although detected during pregnancy, nevertheless hired Sarah Palin to make the choice to keep children. Bristol eldest daughter, whose pregnancy was revealed publicly on 2 September 2008, must marry the father of her unborn child, Levi Johnston, a former student and hockey player at Wasilla High School.
Her husband, Todd Palin, she married Aug. 29 in 1988 and whose maternal grandmother is of Yupik, is a professional fisherman in Bristol Bay during the summer and works the rest of year for BP on the field of extraction of North Slope. Member of union workers in the steel(United Steelworkers), it is also a champion snowmobile, winning four times (1995, 2000, 2002, 2007) the race Tesoro Iron Dog linking Wasilla to Nome and Fairbanks via long over 3 000 km.
In 1992, Sarah Palin was elected to the municipal council of Wasilla. After two terms as councilor, she was elected mayor of Wasilla in 1996. Reelected in 1999, she became president the same year of the association of mayors of Alaska.
In 2002, it is as Republican candidate for the position of Lieutenant Governor of the State but was beaten narrowly by Loren Leman (27% against 29%).
When elected Governor Frank Murkowski to abandon its headquarters senator in the United States Congress, Palin is a time regarded as the natural candidate to take over the post but the new governor prefers his own daughter, Lisa Murkowski. In Alaska as in many U.S. states, replacing a senator during his term of office shall be appointed by the governor. This appointment will lead to a controversial referendum in Alaska that will change the procedure to fill a vacant Senate in that state.
In 2003, Frank Murkowski offer him a post in the commission of gas and oil reserves in Alaska, which she resigned in 2004 to protest against the lack of ethics of Heads of Alaska Republicans, including President Randy Ruedrich, also a member of the committee.
During the Republican primary election for governor in 2006, it manages to impose its candidate faces several candidates including Frank Murkowski, the outgoing governor. She won 51% of the votes against 30% for John Binkley and 19% for the former governor.
Governor of Alaska (since December 2006)
After during the election campaign focused on the problems of transport, education and public safety, she was elected Republican governor of Alaska, on 7 November 2006, with 49% of the vote against 41% Democrat Tony Knowles, a former governor, and 10% in independent candidate, Andrew Halcro. His co-listier elected to the post of lieutenant governor is Sean Parnell.
One of his first acts is to auction on e-Bay the private jet of his predecessor, then stop in September 2008 the construction of the "Bridge to Nowhere" (the Bridge to Nowhere) which would link the small town of Ketchikan (9 000 inhabitants) to Gravina Island, which lies only a dozen people. It also increases the tax on profits of oil companies.
His work as governor allows him to see his popularity rating to 80% in favor in Alaska.
Getting his first passport in 2006, it performs as governor in 2007, a trip to the troops of the National Guard in Alaska stationed in Kuwait and Iraq. Apart from a few visits to Canada, his only experience abroad.
The announcement of colistiere as John McCain
It is colistiere chosen as the Republican candidate for the presidency of the United States, John McCain, 29 August 2008.
For many analysts, this choice is dictated primarily by the desire of the Republican camp to recover voters favoring Democrats Hillary Clinton. In his first speech as a candidate for the vice presidency in Dayton, Ohio, she also welcome Hillary Clinton's campaign. Others note that John McCain out of trend pro-business Republican Party who wanted to impose Mitt Romney to select a woman from a modest family, married to a trade unionist, in terms of conservative values, but supported more social justice, which increased taxes on the oil industry in Alaska.
The bet is that John McCain by choosing a conservative woman, although virtually unknown nationally, as colistiere focus for the right of the party, seems to succeed because it collects $ 7 million in two days.
Democrats and media critics
Some Democrats quickly attacked the choice of Sarah Palin. Thus, Robert Wexler, a representative from Florida, a member of the left wing of the Democratic Party and supporter of Barack Obama, known for supporting impeachment proceedings against George W. Bush accuses Sarah Palin to have supported during the 2000 presidential election, the candidacy of Pat Buchanan, former political adviser of Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan, now political commentator on MSNBC channel, which he would be "a declared anti-Semitic" and an opponent of the existence of the State of Israel, seeing an "insult to all Jews of America." This accusation was quickly denied by the team of McCain who said that Sarah Palin was a member of the campaign team of Republican Steve Forbes in 2000. Sarah Palin itself acknowledges receipt Buchanan to Wasilla in 1999, but no public or financial support from him is shown even if Buchanan acknowledged his side have also met in 1996, Sarah Palin and her husband.
To dispel any rumors circulating on the Internet, fueled in particular by a Friend of the blog DailyKos left, that his son, 4 months, Trig, is basically that of his eldest daughter Bristol, 17 years the campaign team of John McCain, refuting these claims, announced that Bristol Palin is five months pregnant and will marry the father of the unborn.
The announcement of the pregnancy, revealed at the beginning of the Republican National Convention, far from dividing, appears finally weld them Republicans, including conservatives and evangelical Christians, in defense of family values, the latter to neutral passage to note that the colistiere of John McCain put into practice the anti-abortion publicly defended it.
The announcement of pregnancy is followed by another revelation of the press that Sarah Palin is suspected of abuse of authority for conducting a termination for personal reasons and not professional, the Commissioner of Public Safety in Alaska. The actual cause of unacknowledged and the dismissal was that he had refused to dismiss Mike Wooten, a member of the State Police and brother of the Governor, involved in divorce proceedings with the sister of Sarah Palin. Wooten had used a particularly pulsed electric gun on the son and his wife had been, the subject of disciplinary reprimands several times. If Sarah Palin Block denies the charge of abuse of power, an internal investigation is conducted by the legislative committee of the senate of Alaska. In an article in the Anchorage Daily News, the former Commissioner of Public Safety, dismissed in July 2008 after refusing a change of assignment, says he never received a direct order to dismiss the ex-beau brother Sarah Palin, but says that the fact that Wooten still working in the State police (state troopers) had been repeatedly mentioned by the governor, members of his team and by her husband. On 10 October, the report by Stephen Branchflower mandated by the Alaska Senate to investigate the matter, concluded that Sarah Palin has violated the ethical rules of the State of Alaska.
The media then reported that Sarah Palin would have been a member for at least two years in the early 1990s, the Independence Party of Alaska (AIP), affiliated to the Conservative Party nationally constitutionalist, and whose agenda includes the secession of Alaska in the USA. But ultimately it is only her husband would have actually been a member of the party, Sarah Palin have joined the Republican Party in 1982 without ever join the AIP or other parties whatsoever.
It is also vilified for allegedly made to ban Harry Potter library of his city of Wasilla at a time when the author, Joanne Kathleen Rowling, had anything published. It was also alleged to have stated that the war in Iraq was a "mission from God" while the words given in context prove it targeted to young parishioners which it asked to pray that the leaders countries send troops to Iraq, including his own son, as for work which, she hopes, are intended by God.
Shortly before his speech at the Republican National Convention held in St. Paul (Minnesota) a group of Republican women, led by the former president of Hewlett-Packard, Carly Fiorina, responding during a press conference to describe rough of "sexist" the criticism against Sarah Palin and his inexperience supposed to have directed that a town of less than 10 000 inhabitants and one of the least populous states in the country. They also promised that the media does not address the Republican candidate for the vice-presidency as they had dealt with Hillary Clinton during his confrontation with Barack Obama in the Democratic primary.
On 29 September 2008, the daily Los Angeles Times California relays the words of Philip Munger, a former music teacher of a school in Wasilla, a Democrat opposed to Palin and bloggueur Progressive, which says that Sarah Palin him in 1997 that she believed that dinosaurs and men had lived together on Earth, there are six thousand years.
Republican National Convention
During a 40-minute speech at the Republican National Convention, where it receives strong support from many of his peers as Linda Lingle, Sarah Palin is elected as a victim and denigrated local media elite of the country. In their address, she said she does not "in Washington to get their approval" but that it is "to serve the people of this country." It also sets out its vision of politics and accuses Barack Obama of being "a celebrity" who "of his life never had to take decisions or to lead", which "has written two autobiographies But no law "and" may issue a full speeches on the wars waged by America and does not use the word victory ... except when he talks about his campaign. " It qualifies as the "candidate of change used to promote his career" as she says, John McCain "uses his career to promote change." Claiming his experience as mayor of a small town, she contends that the Democratic candidate does for his experience as a "community organizer in Chicago" and has never been, like her, a position responsibility, considering that in a world of threats and dangers, "it does not need a single organization. At the end of his speech marked by an offensive revival of the "war of cultures" with Democrats and some humorous remarks - "The difference between a hockey mom and a pitbull? - The lipstick! "- She is joined on stage by all his family and John McCain is making a traditional appearance surprise.
The speech expected by Sarah Palin and his performance before 20 000 activists of the Xcel Energy Center received accolades from the American press, the Wall Street Journal comparing Sarah Palin to Margaret Thatcher, former British prime minister. The New York Times recognizes its performance and the conservative Washington Post described the speech successful political event that led to Sarah Palin to move from laughingstock status to that of national star.
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