Saudi Arabian King
Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman Al Saud
Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman Al Saud (Arabic: خادم الحرمين الشريفين الملك عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود), born in 1924, is the King of Saudi Arabia, the religious leader, and the Custodian of the Two holy places of Islam, the mosques of Mecca and Medina since 1 August 2005.
He was the crown prince and de facto regent from 1995 to 2005 Saudi Arabia before succeeding his elder brother Fahd bin Abd al-Aziz.
Member of the Princely House Ibn Saud, he is the son of King Abdel Aziz Ibn Saud, founder of the Al Saud dynasty and the modern Saudi Arabia, and Fahd Bin Chourayin Chamnar. It is one of the richest men in the world.
He is the representative of the Yemeni tribe of Chamnar, which belonged to his mother Fahda bin Chourayin Chamnar, is a powerful tribe that controls a territory that extends from central Arabia until triangle Syrian-Iraqi-Turkish.
In 1982, following his enthronement and following in this, the rule of succession, the new King Fahd I, he was granted the title of crown prince, because he was the oldest of the brothers after him. In 1996, he installed at the head of the kingdom by appointing him regent.
Prince Abdullah had a role, but little publicized active in diplomacy in the region and has offered to mediate between Syria and Jordan in 1980, he had a decisive role in the Taif agreement which ended civil war in Lebanon in 1989. Finally, it has moved closer to its neighbors Iranian, as evidenced by the official visit of President Mohammad Khatami Arabia in 1999.
He began some limited political reforms in organizing municipal elections or by limiting the privileges of some 25 000 members of the royal family.
He followed the course of globalization since 1997 by privatizing part of the Saudi oil sector. (Saudi Arabia is the largest producer and exporter of oil).
On Monday, 1 August 2005, he became king at the age of 82 years to the death of his half-brother Fahd of Saudi Arabia I disappeared at the age of 84 years of pneumonia. His half-brother, Prince Sultan bin Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman Al Saud, Minister of Defense, became the first crown prince claiming the throne.
More recently, he decided the construction of Jeddah near the KAUST, a university of science and technology with $ 10 billion budget and placed 6th in the world.
Under his reign, he actively promoted inter-religious dialogue, looking for moderate voices in the Middle East and opening a diplomatic channel to other nations and non-Arab civilization.
It took fifteen son:
* Saud with Hussa
* Abd al-Aziz with Aida
* Faisal with Hussa
* Khaled with Anud
* Mitab with Anud
* Mohammed with Anud
* Turki with Tadhi
* Mishal with Tadhi
* Sultan with Tadhi
* Mansour with Hussa
* Aslan with Sultanbek
Read also Roman Abramovitch
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