Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland - August 2, 1922 in Baddeck in Canada) is a British inventor of Scottish naturalized Canadian in 1882 who is best known for inventing the phone. He was winner of the Hughes Medal in 1913.
Bell has devoted his life to learn to speak to the deaf and teach them, encouraged by the fact that his mother and wife were deaf. It was in diction professor at Boston University and an expert in speech, it seems today phonologue or Phoniatrics.
Son-in-law of Gardiner Greene Hubbard (first president of the National Geographic Society), he married Mabel Gardiner Hubbard (1857-1923), deaf as a result of scarlet fever, and first student of Graham Bell. The couple has four children.
In 1876, at the exhibition marking the centenary of the independence of the United States in Philadelphia, Bell meets Dom Pedro II, emperor of Brazil. The latter looks at Bell phone and calls a demonstration. Bell to recite the famous soliloquy from Shakespeare's Hamlet "To be or not to be." He founded the Bell telephone company.
Alexander Graham Bell was initially attracted by the music. It distracts them, however the benefit of studies on phonetics, following the footsteps of his father and probably affected by the problems of hearing loss suffered by his mother. After studying at the University College London, he moved to Canada in 1870, then the United States of America a year later. In 1872 he founded a school for the deaf and starts its work leading to the phone. Convinced to convert sound waves into electrical impulses in 1874, his dream is realized in 1876. The invention is experiencing rapid success in 1877 which led to the creation of the Bell telephone company. The fortune helping Bell then turns to other areas of experimentation, laying the foundations for the gramophone, interested in aviation, transport and water sports. It also creates the National Geographic Society, which he was chairman from 1897 to 1903.
Controversy about the invention of the telephone
A controversy exists around the paternity of the invention of the phone, which may have been invented 16 years earlier by Antonio Meucci. The role in the history of this invention was officially recognized by the Chamber of Representatives of the United States in 2001: "Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives to honor the life and achievements of 19th Century Italian-American inventor Antonio Meucci, and his work in the invention of the telephone."
Read also Thomas Alva Edison
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