Al Pacino (Alfredo James Pacino was born April 25 1940 in East Harlem, New York) is an American actor.
He is known for the role of Michael Corleone in The Godfather, Tony Montana in Scarface, Sonny Wortzik in one afternoon dog, Frank Serpico in Serpico, Lieutenant Colonel Frank Slade in Le Temps d'un week-end and Roy Cohn in Angels in America. He won the Oscar for best actor in 1992 for his performance in Le Temps d'un week-end, after 7 appointments.
Al Pacino was born in East Harlem, Manhattan, and is the son of Italian-American Rose (née Gerardi) and Salvatore Alfred Pacino, who divorced when he was two years old. His mother moved to the South Bronx, to live with her parents, Kate and James Gerardi, from Corleone, Sicily. His father moved to California and opened his own restaurant. Al Pacino later between the High School of Performing Arts, also frequented by Robert De Niro. When teaching the principles of the game player according to Stanislavski ( "Method"), he found it terribly boring. There remained only two years because the money went missing and the need to find a job was more compelling than to school.
The first part of the 1960s is difficult for Pacino with his mother's death in 1962 and his grandfather in 1964. From that moment, Pacino became sleepless. It also accumulates many odd jobs after leaving school at 17 years. Its successive odd jobs he was able to contact all kinds of characters. He was courier, shoe seller, supermarket cashier, delivery of newspapers. It cira shoes and was moving. Grouillot try it in an office. He shines fresh fruit at a grocer.
He longed to better however, as he passed an audition, a teenager, to join the Actors Studio Lee Strasberg. Failed but not discouraged if he followed another theater curriculum, the course Herbert Berghof, where he met Charles Laughton, the man who would become his mentor and closest friend. Not only Laughton gave courses Pacino and directed his first play in public (Hello Out There by William Saroyan), but he presented to poets and writers. Pacino was accepted to the Actors Studio four years later. In 1966, the money he saved it allows to integrate under the direction of Lee Strasberg (Hyman Roth in The Godfather II) Actor's Studio where he met actors who become famous in the future, as Robert de Niro (called at that time Robert de Nero). His work and his talent allows him to obtain an Obie (reward for the theater) in 1968 for The Indian Wants the Bronx and a Tony Award the following year for Does the Tiger Wear a necktie?.
Pacino made his film debut in Me, Natalie Fred Coe in 1969.
He gets the lead role in Panic in Needle Park (1970) Jerry Schatzberg, drama that takes place in mid addict in Manhattan. This film marks a turning point in his career because, in addition to its good performance, he attracts the attention of Francis Ford Coppola.
Indeed, in 1972, while producers are attempting to impose Robert Redford for the role of Michael Corleone in The Godfather, Francis Ford Coppola, after lengthy negotiations, chose Al Pacino, who is virtually unknown at the time.
His first encounter with Marlon Brando is very stressful for him, but remains one of the most important moments of his career as he defines himself, it will be at the scene of the hospital, where Michael Corleone is monitoring his father. You know the rest: the film was a huge success and launched his career permanently. The following year, he renewed his collaboration with Jerry Schatzberg for The Scarecrow. Al Pacino gives the reply to Gene Hackman in the film which received the Palme d'Or at Cannes 1973. The same year, he signed his first film with Sydney Lumet: Serpico. Through his interpretation of liberal and incorruptible cop in this film that is successful at the box office, Pacino finally asseoit its popularity.
In 1974 he resumed the role of Michael Corleone for the second part of the Godfather. This time, Robert De Niro who plays Vito Corleone (in his youth). The film is a success and is often considered superior to the first. The character of Michael Corleone, taciturn and cold is the opposite of Frank Serpico, the cop and unstable doubt and anger that is struggling in a very New York of a violent and corrupt police.
In 1975, Pacino plays a new character a bit unstable, a bank robber dilettante who quickly became popular because of his inexperience in an afternoon of dog (Dog Day Afternoon) by Sydney Lumet. Two years later, he launched himself into melodrama with Sydney Pollack (great film of 1970) which was flying Bobby Deerfield (1977).
The 1980s began dramatically for Al Pacino, as a police interpreter working in the homosexual milieu in a very dark polar William Friedkin, La Chasse (Cruising, 1980). In 1983, the long-awaited meeting with Brian De Palma who offers him the role of Tony Montana in Scarface, the movie remake of Howard Hawks (Scarface, 1932). For an entire generation (mainly rappers), the character of Tony Montana has become a myth and an object of fascination (with all the ambiguities that entails), and Al Pacino in fact a very good role in this interpretation of Cuban immigrants experiencing a phenomenal financial and social ascent in the underworld as he becomes mad, devoured by drugs and paranoia inherent in its activities gangster. The 1980s end with the success of Melody for murder, focused entirely on the shoulders of Pacino shouting truth in the character of Frank Keller, which many identify.
Like many great American actors, Al Pacino will be several small roles in the 1990s. However in 1990, he played Michael Corleone in the third strand of the Godfather. But if the 1990s are less prolific in great roles that the 1970s, they allow him to return, if not first, at least at the stage of recognition doubt. Of course, Al Pacino n'enchaîne not therefore masterpieces. But his new collaboration with Brian De Palma is a success: The Impasse (Carlito's Way). In this dark and sad film, Al Pacino convinced with the character of Carlito Brigante.
First real encounter between film Al Pacino and Robert de Niro (the players had already sailed with on the filming of The Godfather, Part 2, but had played no scene together) in 1995 with the Heat thriller directed by Michael Mann, the related game of cat and mouse which will deliver a bank robber exception (De Niro) and a dogged police inspector (Pacino) who has vowed to get him to stop. Pacino and De Niro are very high and we reserve a memorable face to face. The supporting actors, among others held by Val Kilmer, Tom Sizemore and Jon Voight are also convincing. Le long-metrage rencontrera un important succès critique et commercial et est aujourd'hui partie intégrante de l'histoire du cinema.
In 1996, Pacino goes behind the camera to show his loyalty to the theater, with Looking for Richard, mid-adaptation of Shakespeare's Richard III, semi-documentary about the filming of the part in the film. After The Associated devil Taylor Hackford (1997) in which the actor portrays a portrait of the devil spectators applauded and Donnie Brasco (1997) by Mike Newell, Al Pacino gives us two more benefits as an actor, first alongside Russell Crowe in Revelations (The Insider) by Michael Mann, then in Hell Sunday (Any Given Sunday) to Oliver Stone.
With the film S1m0ne, zany comedy by Andrew Niccol, Al Pacino once again prove to the public that it can adapt to any type of role. The following year, he played for the first time alongside Robin Williams in the remake of a Norwegian film: Insomnia. The film is a success, Al Pacino does very well in his role as cop tired and disillusioned.
After Robin Williams, it's Colin Farrell to share the poster for the movie The Recruit with Al Pacino.
Influences fate in 2003 with Kim Basinger and Téa Leoni, a film by the critically ill, but saved by the performance of Al Pacino.
In 2003, Al Pacino is in the project director Mike Nichols, the series Angels in America, which includes 6 episodes of about an hour each. This series deals with homosexuality and AIDS in the 1980s and the difficulty of homosexuals overcome the disease. Pacino offers a remarkable performance in the role of Roy Cohn, and he at her side one of the best British actresses of the day: Emma Thompson and Meryl Streep, Justin Kirk and Jeffrey Wright. A style quite anti-conformist for a very endearing. Pacino's performance also earned him to be rewarded with an Emmy Award.
The Merchant of Venice (2004) based on the play by William Shakespeare marks a return to the sources for Al Pacino whose theater is the first love. It plays the role of Shylock, a Jewish merchant.
In July 2006, Pacino once again demonstrates his talents of actors in the film by DJ Caruso, Two for the Money, in which he plays a bookie who leads a tough life to Matthew McConaughey, an American football player forced to take early retirement due to serious injury.
In 2007, we can see in 88 Minutes, Pacino film in which everything must be done to avoid the death that he promised on the phone. It is also the poster for Ocean's Thirteen, the last part of the saga of Daniel Ocean and friends. Rififi, Dali & I: The Surreal Story will follow.
This year is also that of its receipt of famous AFI Life Achievement Award, the most coveted prize of honoring a career. During the ceremony, held in June in Hollywood, other great players such as Sean Connery, Kirk Douglas or Robert De Niro Pacino stated that was certainly the greatest actor of his generation, perhaps of all time, joining thinking of the majority of film lovers the world. This is explained by the fact that Pacino is one of the few players to have never ruled out only a moment Strasberg Method, known as the Actors Studio, but also the only one to have done so long , because until today.
It is also in post-production of a new documentary of the same type as the one he has already done on Shakespeare's Richard III, which this time will work Salome by Oscar Wilde. It will play the role of King Herod.
End 2008, there is a poster of the law and order, a film by Jon Avnet (with whom he collaborated on 88 minutes), in which he partners Robert De Niro, Carla Gugino, Donnie Wahlberg and rapper 50 Cent. The film shows the two actors as kits to police of a serial killer. This will be his third collaboration with Robert De Niro after The Godfather II (where they had no scene together) and Heat (where they had very few scenes together). The scenario was unfortunately not enough inspiration for the two players featured, but it fit well and allowed moviegoers to see them all from beginning to end.
On 22 October 2008, at the Film Festival of Rome, Pacino was in the presence of the actor Matthew Modine (Full Metal Jacket, Birdy), the Golden Marcus Aurelius. He seemed very touched by this honor which was awarded on behalf of his career but also on behalf of the Actors Studio, he co-chairs, the Roman jury having qualified as the best actor personifying the Actors Studio.
Read also Robert De Niro
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