aung san suu kyi biography
aung san suu kyi
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, born 19 June 1945 in Rangoon in Burma (also known as Myanmar), is the emblematic figure of the opposition to the Burmese military dictatorship. She made known to the general public in receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for his non-violent actions. She is Secretary General of the National League for Democracy (NLD) opposition to the dictatorship in place. It may not exercise its political activity as it is currently placed under house arrest by the military junta in power.
In 2007, she was ranked as the 71st most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine.
In September 2008, expressed concerns about her health, she refused the food that is made by the military. In May 2009, his health is increasingly worrying (She can not eat, your blood is low, and suffering from dehydration, "according to his medical assistant).
Aung San Suu Kyi's personal doctor and are in jail since Thursday 7 May 2009 for reasons still unexplained by the Burmese authorities. According to the French State Secretary Rama Yade, the arrest of Aung San Suu Kyi, accused of subversive activity a few days of his release is a "clearly sought a pretext to reject the electoral process, especially that the LMD, the political party of Aung San, Suu. is completely rolled. The objective of the scheme is to "put everything in place to reach the general election in 2010 without embarrassment, without interference". The presence of a company like Total can do nothing because "it is a state that lives under the terror for twenty years".
Nine Nobel Prize winners and many celebrities as Jane Birkin have supported Aung San Suu Kyi, is being tried in Burma.
Childhood and studies
Aung San Suu Kyi is the daughter of the leader of the liberation of Burma, General Aung San. It was he who negotiated the independence of Burma in 1947. He was assassinated by rivals in the same year. His daughter Aung San Suu Kyi was only two years at the death of his father. She lives with her mother and two brothers in Yangon (Rangoon or sometimes called Yangon), the country's capital. Aung San Lin, one of the brothers of Suu Kyi, died accidentally when she was eight years old.
His mother, Daw Khin Kyi, began to engage in social and public, gradually gaining some importance in the political landscape of the Government of the years 1950 and 1960 and was appointed ambassador to Burma in 1960 in Delhi, India. Suu Kyi studied at the School of English Catholic Burma then joined his mother in India to complete his secondary education at Lady Shri Ram College in New Delhi in 1964.
Suu Kyi moved to Britain, where she studied philosophy, politics and economics at St. Hugh's College, Oxford from 1964 to 1967 she completed her studies with a doctorate (PhD) at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London.
In 1972 she married Michael Aris, an Oxford man he met while studying Tibetan civilizations. In 1973, Suu Kyi gave birth to her first child, Alexander, in London. In 1977, she has a second child, Kim, born in Oxford. Suu Kyi saw between the United Kingdom and Bhutan, where her husband lives, because it is at that time a study on the Himalayas and Tibet.
24 years old, the young student moved to New York in 1969, began a second cycle of higher education and became assistant secretary of the Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Affairs of the United Nations.
Later, in 1988, Aung San Suu Kyi returned to live in Burma to care for her aging mother. That year, General Ne Win, leader of the ruling Socialist Party has slowly lost control of the country. Demonstrations broke out across the country to more democracy, they are violently repressed by the army. A new military junta took power. Strongly influenced by the nonviolent philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi, Suu Kyi slowly between politics to work for the democratization of the country. She participates in the creation of the National League for Democracy (NLD) on 27 September 1988, which promotes political reform in Burma. Suu Kyi was then chairman of the NLD and becomes a symbol of popular desire for political freedom.
She was arrested on 20 July 1989 the military government offered him freedom on condition that she leave the country, which she refuses. It is the latest release "monitored".
Detention in Burma
In 1990, the military junta, under popular pressure, establishes the general elections, which are largely won by the party of Suu Kyi, the NLD. So it must then take the post of prime minister, the military junta refuses to cancel the ballot and election results. This causes a scandal at the international level. Suu Kyi receives this year's Sakharov Prize and the price Rafto then the Nobel Peace Prize the following year. It is the sum of 1.3 million dollars it uses to establish a system of health and education for the people of Burma.
It is released from detention in July 1995 arrest, but it is very clear that if she left the country to visit his family in the United Kingdom, she would be denied the right to return to Burma. In 1997, her husband Michael Aris is suffering from prostate cancer, but the Burmese government denied him the right to enter to visit his wife. The military junta is trying to clear from Suu Kyi to be "rid". Suu Kyi would never see her husband who died in 1999. Moreover it remains separated from her children, still living in the United Kingdom.
She is denied the right to meet with members of his party several times. In September 2000, it is once again under house arrest. On 6 May 2002, after secret negotiations between the UN and the military junta, it is released. Suu Kyi said: "It'sa new era for the country."
However, on 30 May 2003, his caravan is attacked in the village of Depayin by a paramilitary group paid by the junta in power. Many of his supporters were killed or wounded during the ambush. Suu Kyi managed to escape with his driver Ko Kyaw Soe Lin, but was arrested a little later. It was again imprisoned in Insein Prison in Yangon. She then transferred to house arrest in September 2003 because of his health problems and a hysterectomy.
In March 2004, Razali Ismail, a UN special envoy met Aung San Suu Kyi, Ismail resigned from his post next year in part because he was denied entry into Burma in the future .
On 28 November 2005, not surprisingly, the Burmese military junta has extended by six months house arrest of opposition leader. An extension made under the 1975 law on protection of the State (Article 10b) to "protect the state from destructive elements" which allows the state to imprison someone for five years without trial. On 20 May 2006, Ibrahim Gambari, a UN special envoy met Suu Kyi, the first foreign visit since 2004.
On 27 May 2006, the house arrest of Aung San Suu Kyi was extended by one year, which causes the call of Kofi Annan, the UN secretary-general, Than Shwe at the head of the military junta. On 9 June 2006, Suu Kyi was hospitalized due to severe diarrhea, according to a United Nations representative for a national coalition government for the Union of Burma. The junta denies this information. On 19 June 2006, Suu Kyi spent her sixty-first birthday under house arrest, his telephone line is cut, his mail filter and has no access to medical care she wants. Events are organized to Burmese embassies. On 14 May 2007, an appeal is made by some fifty former world leaders for the release of Aung San Suu Kyi.
On 25 May 2007, the Burmese military regime has once again extended by one year the house arrest of Aung San Suu Kyi. On 22 September 2007, the Burmese opponent under house arrest since 2003, is exceptionally brief crying out of her house in Yangon to greet Buddhist monks who demonstrated against the military junta, for the fifth consecutive day. On 24 September 2007, Aung San Suu Kyi was imprisoned in Insein prison. The house arrest expires on Sunday 27 May 2007 but was renewed without trial for one year, and is again on 27 May 2008, totaling seven years of house arrest enforced.
Aung San Suu Kyi has enough support in the United Kingdom and the United States, through the campaign for Free Burma (Free Burma Campaign).
In 2001, the Irish rock band U2 has created the song "Walk On," which was written and dedicated to Aung San Suu Kyi. "Walk On" is banned in Burma. Other artists such as Coldplay, REM, Wayne Shorter, Jane Birkin, Jim Carrey and Damien Rice have publicly supported Suu Kyi.
She was awarded the "Free your mind" (Free your mind) by the MTV Europe Music Awards in 2003.
On 17 June 2005, several protests took place in front of Burmese embassies around the world on the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary of Suu Kyi.
Several attempts at diplomatic pressure were held from the United States, the United Nations and several countries in order to release Suu Kyi.
A film was shot by John Boorman in 1995 which refers to certain events around Suu Kyi: Rangoon.
Suu Kyi receives assistance from the Association International IDEA since it is trapped.
The American magazine New Statesman in 2006 elected Suu Kyi "Hero of our time" (hero of our time). The same year she was ranked as the 47th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine.
Belgian universities Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University of Brussels) and the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) gave him the title of doctor honoris causa. A petition supported by the 14th Dalai Lama was launched in Norway.
On 14 May 2007, a letter signed by fifty former world leaders (including Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter, Jacques Delors) calls on Burma to release Aung San Suu Kyi.
On 17 October 2007, Aung San Suu Kyi is made honorary citizen of Canada.
On 24 October 2007, Amnesty International publishes a press release about Aung San Suu Kyi on Myanmar. Twelve years under house arrest.
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